Response Updates

All About Hurricane Jose

Reported by Convoy of Hope

In 1999, Hurricane Jose reached Category 2 strength in a hurricane season that included five Category 4 storms, the highest number for a single season and tied with 1961, 2005, and 2020.

In 2017, Hurricane Jose stood out for its duration and its Category 4 strength. The name “Jose” has also identified three tropical storms (1981, 2005, 2011) and a Category 5 super typhoon (2014).

In 2023, the national weather services began to track Tropical Storm Jose, the 10th tropical storm listed for the year, on August 31. With many such storms, communities in its path need to assess its potential impact and identify needed precautions. With Jose, the system remained over the Atlantic Ocean throughout its brief life cycle before being absorbed by the stronger Hurricane Franklin on September 1.

Global Disaster Update: 90+ Convoy of Hope Program Centers Damaged

Whether or not Jose would become a hurricane depended on its wind speed. Named storms are tropical cyclones. These rotating, organized systems of clouds and thunderstorms originate over tropical or subtropical waters and have a closed low-level circulation.

Early on, as a tropical depression, a cyclone has sustained wind speeds of less than 39 mph. A depression is not named but is tracked to determine if it is growing into a tropical storm or hurricane.

Jose was classified as a tropical storm when it reached a sustained wind speed of 39 mph and its name was released. Had that speed reached 74 mph, Jose would have been classified as a hurricane.

With any tropical storm, it is important to keep up to date in case it creates a threat to lives and property.

When Was Hurricane Jose?

Perhaps you’ve asked yourself, “When did Hurricane Jose hit?” or “What year was Hurricane Jose?”

“Jose” has now been the name of seven tropical cyclones worldwide. In the 1999 and 2017 hurricane seasons, Tropical Storm Jose reached hurricane strength.

Where Did Hurricane Jose Hit?

  • • In 1999, Hurricane Jose made landfall on the island of Antigua.
  • • In 2017, Category 4 Hurricane Jose remained over water.

What Category Was Hurricane Jose?

Hurricane Jose was a Category 2 storm in 1999 with peak wind speeds of 100 mph. It weakened to a Category 1 hurricane by the time it reached Antigua.

Hurricane Jose became a major storm at Category 4 in 2017.

What Time Will Hurricane Jose Make Landfall?

Reading about historic storms, you might ask, “What time did Hurricane Jose make landfall?” But those statistics have no bearing on when a hurricane might reach your region in 2023.

With any current storm that is tracking near to you, be aware of the predicted landfall. With hurricanes, it is important not to make the mistake of waiting until the last minute to reach a safe area.

How Many People Died in Hurricane Jose?

“Did anyone die in Hurricane Jose?” you might be asking.

There was considerable flooding of major roads when Hurricane Jose hit Antigua in 1999.

Across the island, the storm resulted in one confirmed fatality, 12 injuries, and one missing person (most likely, another fatality). As Jose returned to tropical storm strength, it’s impact on the island of Saint Martin cost another life.

Sadly, even though 2005’s Tropical Storm Jose never reached hurricane status, it formed so quickly off Mexico’s Veracruz coastline that there was less than nine hours’ warning. Across Mexico, Jose killed 16 people — five in Veracruz’s capital Xalapa, six in a Veracruz landslide, and five in Oaxaca mudslides.

In 2017, Hurricane Jose threatened several Caribbean islands just days after the catastrophic damage of Hurricane Irma, which cost 134 lives across the region. Fortunately, Jose brought no additional fatalities there. One death in the United States was attributed to rip tides caused in the aftermath of the hurricane.

What Was the Path of Hurricane Jose?

Tropical Storm Jose was identified and named off the northeast coast of South America in 1999. Within a day it had become a hurricane, tracking northwest toward the Caribbean. After its various landfalls as a hurricane and tropical storm, it moved northeast deep into the Atlantic.

In 2017, Hurricane Jose was being tracked simultaneously with hurricanes Irma and Katia, the first time three hurricanes coexisted since 2010.

Jose began as a tropical wave moving west from the west coast of Africa and passing south of the Cape Verde Islands. It was soon named Tropical Storm Jose. As it headed toward the Leeward Islands in the northeast Caribbean, it achieved peak winds of 155 mph.

At the same time, Hurricane Irma was nearing landfall in Cuba as a Category 5 storm. This was the first time two Atlantic hurricanes had simultaneous maximum sustained winds of at least 155 mph. Jose moved past the Caribbean and north into the Atlantic where it dissipated.

Convoy of Hope & Hurricanes

Convoy of Hope, a faith-based nonprofit organization, has served communities impacted by hurricanes and other natural disasters since 1998. That year, Convoy’s first disaster response was to flooding in Del Rio, Texas, after Tropical Storm Charley.

Convoy’s Disaster Services team responds to natural disasters around the world. Convoy follows weather updates closely after a hurricane is named.

Well in advance of a predicted landfall, plans come together at Convoy’s World Distribution Center. Trucks loaded with relief supplies head to the affected area to create one or more distribution points once the danger has passed and a community’s needs become clear.

Local volunteers assist Convoy team members onsite in anticipation of the lines of cars that will form to receive groceries, bottled water, bags of ice, cleaning supplies, and other resources desperately needed following a storm’s impact on a community.

Hurricane Relief

When Hurricane Ian smashed across central Florida in 2022 with sustained winds of 155 mph, Convoy of Hope quickly served more than 17,000 survivors with the help of nearly 500 volunteers.

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Where was hope in 2023? For Convoy of Hope, last year was full of heartfelt stories, transformed lives, and major milestones. Here's a quick recap:

In 2023 ...
🍽️ 571,000+ children engaged in strategic feeding program
👩‍🌾 30,000+ farmers trained
🌷 48,000+ women and girls…